Endnotes

References


Section 6: Finances

1Education Commission of the States (ECS), “Charter Schools: How Is the Funding for a Charter School Determined?,” Denver, Colo.: ECS, 2018. http://ecs.force.com/mbdata/mbquestNB2C?rep=CS1716
2Sarah A. Hill and D. Roderick Kiewiet, “The Impact of State Supreme Court Decisions on Public School Finance,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 31, no. 1 (2015): 61–92. https://doi.org/10.1093/jleo/ewu001
3Education Commission of the States (ECS), “The Progress of Education Reform: Understanding State School Funding, the First Step Toward Quality Reforms,” Denver, Colo.: ECS, 2012. https://www.ecs.org/the-progress-of-education-reform-understanding-state-school-funding.
4Deborah A. Verstegen and Teresa S. Jordan, “A Fifty-State Survey of School Finance Policies and Programs: An Overview,” Journal of Education Finance 34, no. 3 (2009): 213–30. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40704356

Deborah A. Verstegen and Robert C. Knoeppel, “From Statehouse to Schoolhouse: Education Finance Apportionment Systems in the United States,” Journal of Education Finance 38, no. 2 (2012): 145–66. http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1002018
6EdBuild, “FundEd: State Policy Analysis: A Detailed Look at Each State’s Funding Policies,” Jersey City, N.J.: EdBuild, accessed September 27, 2018. http://funded.edbuild.org/state
7ECS, “Funding for a Charter School.” http://ecs.force.com/mbdata/mbquestNB2C?rep=CS1716
8ECS, “Funding for a Charter School.” http://ecs.force.com/mbdata/mbquestNB2C?rep=CS1716
9Yilan Shen and Alexander Berger, “Charter School Finance,” Denver, Colo., and Washington, D.C.: National Conference of State Legislatures, 2011. http://www.ncsl.org/documents/educ/charterschoolfinance.pdf
10Shen and Berger, “Charter School Finance.” http://www.ncsl.org/documents/educ/charterschoolfinance.pdf
11David D. Arsen and Yongmei Ni, “Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools,” Education Policy Analysis Archives 20, no. 31 (2012): 1–24. http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/1016
12“Charter School Funding: Inequity’s Next Frontier,” Washington, D.C.: Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2005. https://edex.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/publication/pdfs/Charter%20School%20Funding%202005%20FINAL_10.pdf

Meagan Batdorff, Larry Maloney, Jay May, Daniela Doyle and Bryan Hassel, “Charter School Funding: Inequity Persists,” Muncie, Ind.: Ball State University, 2010. http://www.uaedreform.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Charter-School-Funding-2010.pdf

Meagan Batdorff, Larry Maloney, Jay F. May, Sheree T. Speakman, Patrick J. Wolf and Albert Chang, “Charter School Funding: Inequity Expands,” Fayetteville, Ark.: University of Arkansas, 2014. http://www.uaedreform.org/charter-funding-inequity-expands

Patrick J. Wolf, Larry D. Maloney, Jay F. May and Corey A. DeAngelis, “Charter School Funding: Inequity in the City,” Fayetteville, Ark.: University of Arkansas, 2017. https://eric.ed.gov/?q=charter+school+funding+inequity+in+the+city&id=ED574514
13Batdorff et al., “Charter School Funding: Inequity Expands.” http://www.uaedreform.org/charter-funding-inequity-expands
14Batdorff et al., “Charter School Funding: Inequity Expands.” http://www.uaedreform.org/charter-funding-inequity-expands
15Gary Miron and Jessica L. Urschel, “Equal or Fair? A Study of Revenues and Expenditures in American Charter Schools,” Boulder, Colo., and Tempe, Ariz.: Education and the Public Interest Center at University of Colorado–Boulder & Education Policy Research Unit at Arizona State University, 2010. http://nepc.colorado.edu/files/EMO-RevExp.pdf
16Great Lakes Center for Education Research & Practice, “About the Great Lakes Center,” East Lansing, Mich.: Great Lakes Center, 2014. http://greatlakescenter.org/about.php
17Miron and Urschel, “Equal or Fair?” http://nepc.colorado.edu/files/EMO-RevExp.pdf
18Cathy Krop and Ron Zimmer, “Charter School Type Matters When Examining Funding and Facilities: Evidence from California,” Education Policy Analysis Archives 13, no. 50 (2005): 1–27. http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/155

Edward Bodine, Bruce Fuller, María‐Fernanda González, Luis Huerta, Sandra Naughton, Sandra Park and Laik Woon Teh, “Disparities in Charter School Resources—the Influence of State Policy and Community,” Journal of Education Policy 23, no. 1 (2008): 1–33. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02680930701625262
19Jeanette M. Curtis, “Fighting Chance: Inequities in Charter School Funding and Strategies for Achieving Equal Access to Public School Funds,” Howard Law Journal 55, no. 3 (2012): 1057–96. https://litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com/webcd/app?action=DocumentDisplay&crawlid=1&doctype=cite&docid=55+How.+L.J.+1057&srctype=smi&srcid=3B15&key=b4f1ae61c2a4117c1539a27d3b14ec42
20Bruce D. Baker, “Review of ‘Charter School Funding: Inequity Expands,’” Boulder, Colo.: National Education Policy Center, 2014. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED581428
21Meagan Batdorff, Albert Cheng, Larry Maloney, Jay F. May and Patrick J. Wolf, “Buckets of Water into the Ocean: Non-Public Revenue in Public Charter and Traditional Public Schools,” Fayetteville, Ark.: University of Arkansas, 2015. https://www.uaedreform.org/non-public-revenue-in-public-charter-and-traditional-public-schools
22Miron and Urschel, “Equal or Fair?” http://nepc.colorado.edu/files/EMO-RevExp.pdf

Arsen and Ni, “Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools?” http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/1016
23Krop and Zimmer, “Charter School Type Matters.” http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/155
24Janelle Scott, “The Politics of Venture Philanthropy in Charter School Policy and Advocacy,” Educational Policy 23, no. 1 (2009): 106–36. http://epx.sagepub.com/content/23/1/106.abstract
25Reena Abraham, Susan Gundersen, Wendy Berry, Clara Chae and Elise Balboni, “2014 Charter School Facility Finance Landscape,” New York: Local Initiatives Support Corporation, 2014. http://www.lisc.org/media/filer_public/59/38/5938b90b-07cc-411c-845f-431f50a4682e/2014csflandscape.pdf
28U.S. Department of Education, “Charter Schools Program State Educational Agencies (SEA) Grant,” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education, 2014. http://www2.ed.gov/programs/charter/index.html
29“Charter Schools Pose Greatest Credit Challenge to School Districts in Economically Weak Urban Areas,” New York: Moody’s Investors Service, 2013. https://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-Charter-schools-pose-greatest-credit-challenge-to-school-districts--PR_284505?WT.mc_id=NLTITLE_YYYYMMDD_PR_284505%3C%2Fp%3E

Shen and Berger, “Charter School Finance.” http://www.ncsl.org/documents/educ/charterschoolfinance.pdf
30Abraham et al., “2014 Charter School Facility Finance Landscape.” http://www.lisc.org/media/filer_public/59/38/5938b90b-07cc-411c-845f-431f50a4682e/2014csflandscape.pdf
31National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NACSA), “The State of Charter School Authorizing: Sixth Annual Report on NACSA’s Authorizer Survey,” Chicago, Ill.: NACSA, 2013. https://www.qualitycharters.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/NACSA_2013-SOCA.pdf
32David Arsen and Yongmei Ni, “The Effects of Charter School Competition on School District Resource Allocation,” Educational Administration Quarterly 48, no. 1 (2012): 3–38. http://eaq.sagepub.com/content/48/1/3.abstract
33David Arsen, Thomas A. DeLuca, Yongmei Ni and Michael Bates, “Which Districts Get into Financial Trouble and Why: Michigan’s Story,” Journal of Education Finance 42, no. 2 (2016): 100–26. http://www.education.msu.edu/epc/library/papers/documents/wp51-which-districts-get-into-financial-trouble-arsen.pdf
34Helen F. Ladd and John D. Singleton, “The Fiscal Externalities of Charter Schools: Evidence from North Carolina,” Education Finance and Policy (forthcoming); published ahead of print, August 21, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1162/edfp_a_00272
35Jason B. Cook, “The Effect of Charter Competition on Unionized District Revenues and Resource Allocation,” Journal of Public Economics 158 (2018): 48–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2017.12.003
36Shen and Berger, “Charter School Finance.” http://www.ncsl.org/documents/educ/charterschoolfinance.pdf
37Matthew Ridley and Camille Terrier, “Fiscal and Education Spillovers from Charter School Expansion,” Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2018. https://doi.org/10.3386/w25070
38Robert Bifulco and Randall Reback, “Fiscal Impacts of Charter Schools: Lessons from New York,” Education Finance and Policy 9, no. 1 (2014): 86–107. http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/EDFP_a_00121
39Bifulco and Reback, “Fiscal Impacts of Charter Schools.” http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/EDFP_a_00121
40Sherrie Reed and Heather Rose, “Charter School Spending and Saving in California,” Journal of School Choice 9, no. 3 (2015): 407–45. https://doi.org/10.1080/15582159.2015.1061392
41Christian Buerger and Douglas N. Harris, “Does School Reform = Spending Reform? The Effect of the New Orleans School Reforms on the Use and Level of School Expenditures,” New Orleans: Education Research Alliance for New Orleans, 2017. https://educationresearchalliancenola.org/files/publications/011717-Buerger-Harris-Does-School-Reform-Equal-Spending-Reform.pdf
42Arsen and Ni, “Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools?” http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/1016
43Arsen and Ni, “Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools?” http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/1016
44Miron and Urschel, “Equal or Fair?” http://nepc.colorado.edu/files/EMO-RevExp.pdf
45Mark Weber and Bruce Baker, “Do For-Profit Managers Spend Less on Schools and Instruction? A National Analysis of Charter School Staffing Expenditures,” Educational Policy 32, no. 6 (September 1, 2018): 855–902. https://doi.org/10.1177/0895904816681525
46Timothy J. Gronberg, Dennis W. Jansen and Lori L. Taylor, “The Relative Efficiency of Charter Schools: A Cost Frontier Approach,” Economics of Education Review 31, no. 2 (2012): 302–17. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S027277571100104X


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